If you were to pose that question to 10 different people you would probably get 10 different answers. This is because fitness is completely relative.
Are you training for a specific event?
The official definition of fitness is “the condition of being physically fit and healthy”.
That doesn’t define much if you ask me.
What exactly is it that you are getting fit and healthy for?
Whether you are a seventy-plus year old walking to get your shopping done, or a twenty-something semi-professional rugby player, to some extent your needs are the same, yet on different scales.
Whichever example above you view yourself as closer to, you will still benefit from improving your strength, power, joint health, balance and both aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.
Fitness to me means becoming more and more resilient to the stressors that life throws at you.
When looking at this it is all about continual ‘shock’ to the body to create resistance.
And if the shock is big enough and consistent enough, a compensation phase, meaning that next time you will respond better, by both reacting and recovering more quickly.
There will always be some factors or specifics you need to take into consideration when training for a specific sport or event, referred to as specific physical preparedness, or SPP.
But be you twenty-odd or seventy-odd, athlete or otherwise, we all need a good level of general physical preparedness, or GPP.
So what’s the best approach?
It’s pretty simple. Start performing these movements regularly and challenge yourself to do more work over time. Be that more weight, more reps, less rest, and so on.
Locomotion (Bike, Run, Swim, Row, Crawl, Roll, Jump, etc.)
And it helps if eat like a grown up. ;-)